Lazex Inc. ("Lazex") was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada on July 12, 2015. On August 23, 2019, the majority owner of Lazex entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with Slinger Bag Americas Inc., a Delaware corporation ("Slinger Bag Americas"), which was 100% owned by Slinger Bag Ltd. ("SBL"), an Israeli company. In connection with the Stock Purchase Agreement, Slinger Bag Americas acquired 20,000,000 shares of common stock of Lazex for $332,239. On September 16, 2019, SBL transferred its ownership of Slinger Bag Americas to Lazex in exchange for the 20,000,000 shares of Lazex acquired on August 23, 2019. As a result of these transactions, Lazex owned 100% of Slinger Bag Americas and the sole shareholder of SBL owned 20,000,000 shares of common stock (approximately 82%) of Lazex. Effective September 13, 2019, Lazex changed its name to Slinger Bag Inc. On October 31, 2019, Slinger Bag Americas acquired control of Slinger Bag Canada, Inc., ("Slinger Bag Canada") a Canadian company incorporated on November 3, 2017. There were no assets, liabilities or historical operational activity of Slinger Bag Canada. On February 10, 2020, Slinger Bag Americas became the 100% owner of SBL, along with SBL's wholly owned subsidiary Slinger Bag International (UK) Limited ("Slinger Bag UK"), which was formed on April 3, 2019. On February 10, 2021, Zehava Tepler, the owner of SBL, contributed Slinger Bag UK to Slinger Bag Americas for no consideration.
The operations of Slinger Bag Inc., Slinger Bag Americas, Slinger Bag Canada,
Slinger Bag UK and SBL are collectively referred to as the “Company.”
The Company operates in the sporting and athletic goods business. The Company is the owner of the Slinger Launcher, which is a portable tennis ball launcher, as well as other associated tennis accessories. Effective February 25, 2020, the Company increased the number of authorized shares of common stock from 75,000,000 to 300,000,000 via a four-to-one forward split of its outstanding shares of common stock. All share and per share information contained in this report have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the impact of the stock split. 33
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Basis of Presentation The consolidated financial statements of the Company are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"). As a result of the transactions described above, the accompanying consolidated financial statements include the combined results of Slinger Bag Inc., Slinger Bag Americas, Slinger Bag Canada, Slinger Bag UK and SBL for the years ended April 30, 2021 and 2020. The contribution of the net assets of SBL is reflected as an equity contribution at historical cost on May 1, 2019, the beginning of the earliest period in which the entities were under common control. There was no historical activity in Slinger Bag Americas or Slinger Bag Canada prior to May 1, 2019. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Use of Estimates The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates. Valuation of Inventory Inventory is valued at the lower of the cost (determined principally on a first-in, first-out basis) or net realizable value. The Company's valuation of inventory includes inventory reserves for inventory that will be sold below cost and the impact of inventory shrink. Inventory reserves are based on historical information and assumptions about future demand and inventory shrink trends. It is possible that changes to inventory reserve estimates could be required in future periods due to changes in market conditions. Revenue Recognition The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606,the core principle of which is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The Company recognizes revenue for its performance obligation associated with its contracts with customers at a point in time once products are shipped. Amounts collected from customers in advance of shipping products ordered are reflected as deferred revenue on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The Company's standard terms are non-cancelable and do not provide for the right-of-return, other than for defective merchandise covered under the Company's standard warranty. The Company has not historically experienced any significant returns or warranty issues.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Fair value of financial and non-financial assets and liabilities is defined as an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. The three-tier hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value, which prioritizes the inputs used in the methodologies of measuring fair value for assets and liabilities, is as follows:
Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
Level 2 – Observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for
identical assets and liabilities
Level 3 – Unobservable pricing inputs in the market
Financial assets and financial liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurements. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurements requires judgment and may affect the valuation of the assets and liabilities being measured and their categorization within the fair value hierarchy.
The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents,
accounts receivable, and accounts payable. The carrying amount of these
financial instruments approximates fair value due to their short-term maturity.
The Company’s derivative liabilities were calculated using Level 2 assumptions.
34 Income Taxes Income taxes are accounted for in accordance with the provisions of ASC 740, Accounting for Income Taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts that are more likely than not to be realized. Long-Lived Assets
In accordance with ASC 360-10, the Company evaluates long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their net book value may not be recoverable. When such factors and circumstances exist, the Company compares the projected undiscounted future cash flows associated with the related asset or group of assets over their estimated useful lives against their respective carrying amount. If those net undiscounted cash flows do not exceed the carrying amount, impairment, if any, is based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value, based on market value or discounted expected cash flows of those assets and is recorded in the period in which the determination is made. There was no impairment of long-lived assets identified during the year ended April 30, 2021 or 2020. Valuation of Warrants
The Company grants warrants to key employees and executives as compensation on a discretionary basis. The Company also grants warrants in connection with certain note payable agreements and other key arrangements. The Company is required to estimate the fair value of share-based awards on the measurement date and recognize as expense that value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to...