For the first time in nearly 20 years, only half of US households donated to charities, according to a survey released Tuesday. The findings confirm a tendency to worry about professionals. Donations for charitable purposes have reached record highs, but donations are made by smaller and smaller slices of the population.
Published biennial by the Lily Family School of Philanthropy at Indiana University, the study is based on a study that has tracked donation patterns for more than 9,000 households since 2000, when 66% of US households donated to charities. That number dropped to 49.6% in 2018. This is the latest year, including comprehensive figures for these households.
Experts say many factors contribute to the decline. As the number of non-religious Americans increased, the proportion of Americans dedicated to religious purposes decreased in parallel with attendance at worship. Apart from this, the economic turmoil of the Great Recession has begun to reduce the proportion of Americans who give secular causes, but it has not recovered. According to the survey, it reached a new low (42%) in 2018.
Una Osiri, Vice Dean of Research and International Programs at Release Cool, suggests that this is partly because the Great Recession has made it difficult for some young Americans to establish the habits they give. .. The study found that in 2018, only about one-third of households led by someone under the age of 40 donated to charity. This is a tendency that Osiri sees as a challenge for charities.
“What are the factors that give them? Especially if they are not participating in the service and not in the network that leads to donations,” she said.
There are limits to the nationally representative research from universities. It measures donations to charities, but does not analyze donations made through informal crowdfunding campaigns that tend to attract younger viewers. However, the contribution of goods and services is measured.
Studies show that lower levels of trust in institutions and each other among Americans may also help move away from charitable donations. That distrust is especially noticeable among millennials and can pose another level of challenge for charities.
The data show that the majority of households with college or graduate degrees and led by married or widowed people have been donated to charity. Wealth was also a factor.
According to a survey, eight out of ten households with wealth of more than $ 200,000 donated to charities in 2018. In contrast, less than 4 out of 10 households with wealth less than $ 50,000 made donations.
“The overall pie (donations) is slowly heading towards the ultra-rich,” said John List, a professor of economics at the University of Chicago who studies donations, and this change could be dangerous. He added that there is. “The rich give to what the rich want to give,” he said. “The supply of goods and services from charities is very different when given by the rich and when given by the middle or lower class.”
Critics have long argued that large-scale charitable donations by wealthy philanthropists are only possible in times of increasing income inequality.
Phil Buchanan, chairman of the Center for Effective Philanthropy and author of “Giving Done Right: Effective Philanthropy and Making Every Dollar Count,” said that the decline in donation participation was due to charities not effectively communicating their message. I think it also shows.
He said American society tends to deify businesses and athletes. “And we can do better work for nonprofits and heroes in communities across the country.”
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